People Who Read Henry James: Literary Criticism I: Essays on Literature, American & English Writers Also Read â¹. Collected Literary Criticism (two volumes) Essays on literature. Henry James: Literary Criticism: Essays on. Henry James. Literary Criticism: Essays on Literature, American Writers. Essays on Literature, consists of fourteen essays presented in order of.
James's work has remained steadily popular with the limited audience of educated readers to whom he spoke during his lifetime, and has remained firmly in the canon, but, after his death, some American critics, such as , expressed hostility towards James for his long expatriation and eventual naturalisation as a British subject. Other critics such as complained about what they saw as James's squeamishness in the treatment of sex and other possibly controversial material, or dismissed his style as difficult and obscure, relying heavily on extremely long sentences and excessively language. Similarly criticised him for writing "fiction as if it were a painful duty". , composing a canon of American literature, condemned James for having cut himself off from America. wrote about him, "Despite the scruples and delicate complexities of James, his work suffers from a major defect: the absence of life." And , writing to , asked, "Please tell me what you find in Henry James. ... we have his works here, and I read, and I can't find anything but faintly tinged rose water, urbane and sleek, but vulgar and pale as . Is there really any sense in it?" observed that James "never really wrote about the English very well. His English characters don't work for me."
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Realism 1860-1890: faithful representation of reality in literature – verisimilitude; prose written in natural vernacular (common language) or dialects. It develops, because of: Civil War; urbanization and industrialization; immigration (Irish, German); as a reaction to Romanticism; The emerging Middle Class. Writers: Mark Twain, William Dean Howells, Henry James, Edgar Lee Masters.
Henry James – international theme – novel explores differences and similarities between American and European theme – ex – Daisy Miller (filthy rich woman from England lives in America, clash between in way of behave – American and expectation of European society. Daisy validates almost every rule – talk to strangers, become friends with porter, dances with one partner all night, goes for a walk with two men. Q: is she coquette or innocent girl?). Aesthetic ideas: to represent life in very common, ugly way, describes social function of art and avoid omniscient point of view. Style: language – highly refined, polished, large vocab. complicated construction. Point of view – psychological analysis, (he was a father of stream of consciousness), psychological realism.
Regionalism (local color fiction) 1865-1895: focuses on characters, dialects, customs, topography, and other features specific to a certain region. It developed because of: dual influence of romanticism and realism; The Civil war and the building of national identity; Writers: Kate Chopin (south); Mary E. Wilkins Freeman (New England); Mark Twain (west); Willa Cather (Midwest).
Mark Twain – firstly – affirmative writer, but later – almost determinist; social critic, loved life, justice, freedom’ hated tyranny and iniquity, despised manners and cruelty. Uses vernacular (colloquial) language of different classes and ethnic groups; puts a lot of humor into his novels; Wrote abroad, Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Life on the Mississipi (“all modern American literature starts at Huckleberry...